ARC® Fertility Articles

Tubal Reversal versus IVF: Which is the best choice?

By Susan Conway M.D., M.P.H., M.M.Sc.© Download a PDF of this article. Sterilization is the most common contraceptive method utilized by couples in the United States. Approximately 27% of fertile women choose tubal sterilization as their method of contraception. About half of these surgeries are performed within 48 hours post-partum and the other half as […]

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Understanding Embryo Grading

As embryologists, one of the most common questions that we get from patients is “What do the grades of my embryos tell us about my chances of becoming pregnant?” The answer to this question is not a simple one. The objective of this article is to explain how we grade embryos and what those grades […]

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Endometriosis and Fertility

A condition affecting 5 million American women, endometriosis derives its name from the word endometrium, the lining in the uterus that your body produces each month in case of egg implantation. If conception does not take place during a given month, then your body will shed the endometrium and a menstrual period will occur.

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Low Ovarian Reserve – What does it really mean?

By Gail F. Whitman-Elia, MD, MPH, HCLD© West Columbia, South Carolina Many centers have come to rely on ovarian reserve testing in order to identify those patients unlikely to become pregnant prior to initiation of a first IVF treatment cycle. In theory, women unlikely to conceive can be given the opportunity to avoid the financial disappointment […]

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Robotic Tubal Reanastomosis

Center for Fertility and Reproductive Endocrinology Magee Women’s Hospital 300 Halket Street, Suite 5150 Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Ph: (412) 641-1600 In life, there are a great number of things that are intended to be permanent and cannot be undone. Fortunately for women, this is not always the case in regards to tubal sterilization. While tubal […]

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Preimplantation Genetic Testing

James Goldfarb, MD.© www.uhhospitals.org/fertility University Hospitals Fertility Center at Ahuja UH Ahuja Medical Center Kathy Risman Pavilion 1000 Auburn Drive, Suite 310 Beachwood, OH 44122 216-285-5028 Fax: 216-201-5385 It is now possible to test embryos created by In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) for genetic diseases by utilizing Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT). The primary goal of PGT […]

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Ovulation Induction

http://infertilityupg.med.wayne.edu/index.php Wayne State University Physician Group  26400 West Twelve Mile Road, Suite 140 Southfield, MI 48034 Ph: 248-352-8200 30 to 40% of infertile women have problems with ovulation. An egg has to be released from the ovary each month in the middle of the cycle to have the opportunity to be fertilized in the tube […]

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Azoospermia – Advances in Fertility Options

Over the last several years, the field of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has advanced rapidly in providing assistance to couples with male factor infertility. In couples that are having difficulty trying to conceive a child, approximately 40% will be diagnosed with a male problem. A routine semen analysis is used to determine the adequate number […]

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Ovulation Detection for Beginners

By Patricia McShane, M.D.© http://arm.coloradowomenshealth.com/ University of Colorado Denver Advanced Reproductive Medicine 3055 Roslyn Street, Suite 230 Denver, CO 80238 Tel: (303) 724-8089 Many women have concerns about their ovulation or want to make sure that they are timing their sexual activity properly in order to get pregnant. Good news – relax! Aside from hormones such as […]

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Management of Uterine Fibroids

By Millie A. Behera, M.D., FACOG, FRCPSC and Phyllis Leppert, MD, PhD© Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are the most common gynecologic tumor in women of reproductive age, affecting approximately 30 to 40 percent of premenopausal females. The prevalence increases with age, with an estimated 70 to 80 percent of women developing […]

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2020: A New Decade for Healthy People

Keith A Hansen M.D.© http://womens.sanfordhealth.org Sanford Health Fertility and Reproductive Medicine 1500 W. 22nd Street, Suite 102 Sioux Falls, SD 57105 (605) 328-8800 A fact is a simple statement that everyone believes. It is innocent, unless found guilty. A hypothesis is a novel suggestion that no one wants to believe. It is guilty, until found […]

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Insulin Resistance

Introduction Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in reproductive aged women affecting approximately 5-10% of this population. (NEJM 1995;333:853) The classic triad of this syndrome consists of chronic anovulation, hirsutism, and obesity. PCOS was first discovered by Stein and Leventhal (Am J Obstet Gynecol 1935;29:181) and its management has confused clinicians […]

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: New approaches to an old problem.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine abnormality in reproductive-aged women affecting approximately 5-10% of this population.  The classic triad of this syndrome consists of chronic ovulation dysfunction, hirsutism (male pattern hair growth) and obesity.  The exciting news recently involves understanding the contribution of insulin resistance to the etiology and treatment of PCOS […]

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What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Dr. Rinku Mehta© www.txfertility.com Texas Fertility Center 6500 N. Mopac, Bldg. 1, Suite 1200 Austin, Texas 78731 Ph: (512) 451-0149 Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5-10% of reproductive age women. While years of research have been conducted to try to determine the etiology of this syndrome, it continues […]

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